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 Take 5: Task analysis, Hazards, Observations

A better way is the best identified approach to a high risk task or any work practice based upon getting it right first time.  

A better way or best practice is a method or technique that has consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, and that is used as a benchmark. 

A "best" practice can evolve to become a better way of work as improvements are discovered; a better way results in doing things right first time.​


 When should you do a Take 5?            
Complete a Take 5 before starting any task or during the task
when there is a change in work or environment conditions.

By answering the questions in the Take 5 booklet you will be prompted to identify risks to yourself, your workmates, equipment and the environment. 

The Take 5 process i​nvolves the five following steps:

  • Think through the task
  • Spot the hazard​
  • ​Assess the risks
  • Make the changes​
  • Do the task safely​​​









Safety Walk Program

The more management observe safety, correct hazards & model safe behaviours, the more incident rates go down


  • ​​Observe a​nother person perfo​rming a job
  • Look for Hazards
  • Discuss with that person any areas for  improvement in safety.​

A good safety wa​​​lk will:

  • Increase awareness and help fight complacency (eyes and mind on task)
  • Find and correct hazards
  • Change risky behaviour to safe behaviour


  • Model the 5 Safety Essentials
  • Must see everyone on that site/workplace
  • On every Safety walk you must ask to see the Take 5 book of at least one person. 
  • May only ask questions
  • Ask the person for their​ opinion – how do they think can safety be improved?

What to look for?

  • Have you completed a Take 5?
  • Are you following the rules?
  • Do you know what is in the SWMS?
  • Are you wearing the correct PPE for this task?
  • What could go wrong?
  • Do you feel safe doing this task?

If you see something unsafe​​​​

Keep in mind that it is important to:
  • STOP the action there and then
  • Point out the consequences if it went wrong (do not challenge the person)

It is always important to understand why the person is living with the potential danger.





  • Make initial response and report
  • Form a team (refer to incident report protocol)
  • Gather information (people, conditions)
  • Determine causes (Root cause and contributing factors)
  • Make recommendations / Corrective Actions
  • Document
  • Close out corrective actions
  • Follow up

Five Whys

The 5 Whys is a question-asking technique used to explore the cause-and-effect relationships underlying a particular problem. The primary goal of the technique is to determine the root cause of a defect or ​problem.

The following example demo​​nstrates the basic process:​

  • Problem: The vehicle will not start.
  1. Why? - The battery is dead. (first why)
  2. W​hy? - The alternator is not functioning. (second why)
  3. Why? - The alternator belt has broken. (third why)
  4. Why? - The alternator belt was well beyond its useful service life and not replaced. (fourth why)
  5. Why? - The vehicle was not maintained according to the recommended service schedule. (fifth why, root cause)​
Start maintaining the vehicle according to the recommended service schedule. (possible 5th Why solution)

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